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Your first and finest resource for GeekSpeak.
NumberThe telephone number dialed by the modem that lets a computer
communicate with an online service or
Internet Service Provider.
AIFF One Format of Mac
available at some Internet sites that gives any user access to data
files and applications using FTP. With anonymous FTP, users don’t need a
special password to retrieve files. They are available to the public.
Anti-Virus Program Software that monitors a
and eliminates them before damage occurs.
Advanced Research Projects Agency
Network. Considered the
forefather of the Internet. A worldwide network created in the 1960′s
that was maintained by the U.S. Department of Defense to facilitate
communications between research facilities and universities.
ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for
Information Interchange. This code maps letters and other symbols, like
periods and commas, to numbers that your computer can understand.
A measurement of how much
information can be transmitted at a given time over the Internet.
BBSBulletin Board System. A
dial-in service that usually provides information, software, and
technical support on a focused topic.
BitBinary Digit. The smallest
unit of data a computer can handle. Each “bit” has a value of 1 or 0
that the computer interprets as “on” or “off” respectively.
BookmarkingA way of storing pointers to
favorite Web sites in your
BooleanA common system of logic that
operators such as AND, OR, NOR, and NOT. Commonly used by
Bits Per Second.
Measurement of the speed at which data can be transmitted over a
telephone or network line.
BrowserAn application that displays a Web
page. Also known as a
ByteEqual to either 7 or 8
bits, depending on whether it requires an extra bit, called a parity
bit, for error correction. A byte stores a single character of
information such as the letter A.
Live communication over the
Internet Relay Chat service
or an online service. As one person enters text it appears on the other
person’s screen in “real time”, or almost instantly.
TermsThese terms are used in online
real-time typed conversation as a sort of short-hand form of
Client/ServerA relationship between
programs running on separate machine in a computer network. The server
is the provider of services, while the client is the consumer of the
EncryptionA process that transforms
information into random streams of bits to create a secret code for data
Denotes the name of a
specific Internet area controlled by a company, school, or organization.
SuffixThese extensions found at the end
of a URL or e-mail address signify a category of web site, such as
commercial(.com) or the country from which the web site originates, such
Text messages sent through a network to specified individual or group.
Email messages can also carry attached files.
Emotion + Icon = Emoticon.
Emoticons are facial expressions made by a certain series of keystrokes,
most often producing an image of a face sideways. Developed over
time to enhance text-based email.
FAQFrequently Asked Questions. A FAQ
is generally a list of questions and answers about a specific subject.
Most news groups
have FAQ’s, which should be read before you post any message to them.
File Extension TypesThese extensions at the end of a
filename refer to the type of file it is. This information is used by
your operating system to launch an appropriate program when you click on
the filename. Example: file.txt is a text file and can be opened by a
text editor program.
FTPFile Transfer Protocol.
The Internet protocol that allow the viewing, downloading, and uploading
of files on remote computers.
or hardware that limits certain kinds of access to a computer from a
network or other outside source.
in response to another posting or message.
GeekA term used primarily by
technically oriented professionals to describe someone who, while able
to easily troubleshoot an interrupt conflict between their video and
sound card drivers, find it nearly impossible to talk to the checkout
person at the Quick-E-Mart. Among peers, it is a compliment
(Mega-GEEK, Dude!), but from the checkout person at the Quick-E-Mart it
is an insult (Eeewww! What a GEEK!).
will tend to use Geek for male-types, and Trog for female-types.
Format. A bit-mapped color graphics file format that is the preferred
one to use if you want to put a graphic (as opposed to a photo) on a Web
Approximately one billion
bytes, or one thousand megabytes.
GopherA browsing and searching
protocol that lets you find and retrieve text and files.
AppAdd-on applications that support
sound, image, and other formats that your
support by itself.
Language. The standard for adding tags to a text file, so that the file
is able to be interpreted by a Web browser.
Protocol. The Internet protocol that the Web uses to send information to
the client, so the client browser can view Web pages.
IconA small abstract
graphic representation of an object or idea.
Image MapA graphic image
that’s used on a Web site as a navigational tool. It’s made up of two
elements: The graphic that you see on the page through your browser, and
a text file that contains the link information.
Interlaced GIFA GIF that is
written so that when it is downloaded, it looks like it is out of focus
and then gradually comes into focus.
The number that
identifies your machine as unique on the Internet. Without it, you can
not use any Internet protocols.
IRCInternet Relay Chat. The Internet’s
version of a CB radio, IRC lets you join a channel and
converse in real-time
with other people who are on the same channel, through text-based
Services Digital Network. Digital telephony scheme that allows two
simultaneous connections over the same wire; can include audio and data.
Internet Service Provider.
A company that provides direct
to the Internet.
cross-platform programming language, similar to C++, that is designed
for building applications for the Internet.
Expert Group. A file format using a compression technique to reduce the
size of a graphics file by as much as 96 percent. JPEG is the preferred
file format to use if you want to put a photograph on a Web page.
A group of computers, usually in one building, that are physically
connected in a way that lets them communicate and interact with each
A word or phrase
emphasized in a hypertext document that acts as a pointer to related
information. Links in a Web browser are usually underlined and are a
different color than the rest of the text.
LurkingReading online messages or chat
room conversations without taking part in the discussion. Users are
encouraged to lurk in the
or chat rooms
until they have some idea what the discussion is about an the style is
ListDiscussion groups over the Internet
that link a group of people together with common interests. If you
belong to a mailing list, you receive every message posted to that list
Mail ServerA computer that holds
messages for clients on a network.
MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface. A standard that lets electronic
musical devices communicate with each other. Music stored in MIDI format
contains instructions for playing the music, rather than the digitized
audio signal itself.
Internet Mail Extensions. MIME types are extensions to files that tell
your computer what kind of program to use to view the file.
ModemA devise that
translates computer signals to analog signals suitable for send across
‘NetiquetteSlang for the
unwritten rules of Internet courtesy.
NewsgroupsAn area on the Internet reserved
for discussion of a certain topic. Messages are posted in the
and replies are encouraged.
News ServerA remote computer that controls
access to a Newsgroups
in a group of interconnected computers.
PacketsA block of data that can be
transmitted from one computer to another on a network like the Internet.
contains data to be transmitted, data to guide the packet, and data that
corrects errors along the way.
PDFPortable Document Format. A
standard used by Adobe Acrobat to display any sort of document on any
Adobe Acrobat Reader
can be downloaded as
graphics format on Macintoshes.
PortalA fancy name for the “start-up”
page of a Web browser. This is the
of the Web.
PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol. A
communications protocol that lets users
connect their computers
directly to the Internet through phone lines.
RealAudioA helper app that allows you to
download sound files over Web pages in real-time. The player can be
RouterA specialized machine that runs
various protocols to direct network
from one segment to another.
EngineA utility that locates resources
via searches for keywords and phrases.
for a large list of search engines.
distributed via the honor system. You download shareware from the
Internet, try it out, and if you keep it, are expected to pay a
Shell AccountWhen you log into
this kind of account, the computer you log into is connected to the
Internet, but your computer isn’t.
Slip/PPP AccountWhen you log into
this kind of account, your computer is actually connected to the
Internet, and so is fully capable of all the TCP/IP services available.
usually advertising a product.
T1A type of data
connection able to transmit a digital signal at 1.544 megabits per
Transport Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol. The protocol suite that make Telnet, FTP,
and other services possible among computers that aren’t on the same
local area network.
TelnetThe Protocol for
remote terminal connection service. It lets someone at one site interact
with a remote computer as if that user’s terminal were directly
connected to the remote site.
Transparent GIFA GIF that has one
of its colors set to be transparent. When displayed against a background
tile or color, the image will appear to float above it.
An operating system
invented in 1969 at AT&T Bell Laboratories that was made available to
researchers and students in 1973. It was used to develop the Internet’s
URLUniform Resource Locator. Describes
the location and access method of a resource on the Internet. This is
also known as the “Web
Usenet NewsgroupsSubject-specific discussion
stored on remote computers.
Modeling Language. An emerging standard that will let you model and move
around in 3-D environments on the Internet.
Wide WebA collection of electronic
documents loosely knit by a concept called “hypertext.” Documents
connect to each other by clickable “hyperlinks.” You need to run a
program to access the
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